- The war in Vietnam escalates, and American bombing of North Vietnam begins. The Marine landing on March 8th represents the first deployment of American troops to Vietnam and a full-scale offensive begins in June.
- At the University of Michigan, a ``teach-in'' is held to protest the Vietnam War and heralds the beginning of the student anti-war movement.
- Malcolm X, the famous militant leader for black power in the civil rights movement, is shot and killed in the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem.
- Civil Rights demonstrations increase despite arrests, and Martin Luther King, Jr., leads a march in Selma, Alabama, as well as a march on Chicago's City Hall.
- President Johnson orders American troops to the Dominican Republic to prevent a Communist takeover; Marines remain for several months.
- In the Congo, Sese Mobutu assumes power in a bloodless coup, declares his government the Second Republic, and begins his program of "African Authenticity" by replacing European names with African names.
- Popular songs of the year include the Rolling Stones, ``[I can't get no] Satisfaction,'' Simon and Garfunkel's ``Sounds of Silence,'' Sonny and Cher's ``I Got You Babe,'' and The Beatles' "Yesterday."
- In Rhodesia, prime minister Ian Smith refuses to meet Britain's requirement to change from a minority white rule to majority rule. Smith declares Rhodesia to be independent from Britain, which Britain declares illegal. The United Nations calls on all nations to deny Rhodesia recognition.
- In fashion, the miniskirt, designed by Mary Quant, appears in London and will soon be all the rage.
- Indonesia withdraws from the United Nations. An attempted Communist coup is defeated by General Suharto, and there is widespread massacring of Communists.
- Ralph Nader publishes Unsafe At Any Speed, decrying the dangers of automobiles and urging consumer protection.